The city has parks and ecological reserves such as the Tijuca National Park, the world's first urban forest and Environmental Heritage and Biosphere Reserve;, which houses the highest point of Rio de Janeiro, the peak of Pedra Branca; the complex; the; Rio's Zoo;; and the, the first public park in the. In addition the is the largest landfill in the city, extending from the center to the south zone, and containing museums and monuments, in addition to much vegetation. Environment Due to the high concentration of industries in the metropolitan region, the city has faced serious problems of environmental pollution. The has lost mangrove areas and suffers from residues from domestic and industrial sewage, oils and heavy metals. Although its waters renew when they reach the sea, the bay is the final receiver of all the tributaries generated along its banks and in the basins of the many rivers and streams that flow into it. The levels of particulate matter in the air are twice as high as that recommended by the, in part because of the large numbers of vehicles in circulation. The waters of Sepetiba Bay are slowly following the path traced by Guanabara Bay, with sewage generated by a population of the order of 1.29 million inhabitants being released without treatment in streams or rivers.
- Anymac Adapting The Sun Spot Architecture For Machine Learning
- Anymac Adapting The Sunspot Architecture For Mac
- Anymac Adapting The Sunspot Architecture For Machine Learning
- Anymac Adapting The Sunspot Architecture For Machine
With regard to industrial pollution, highly toxic wastes, with high concentrations of heavy metals – mainly and – have been dumped over the years by factories in the industrial districts of, and, constructed under the supervision of State policies. The Marapendi lagoon and the have suffered with the leniency of the authorities and the growth in the number of apartment buildings close. The clandestine discharge of sewage and the consequent proliferation of algae diminish the oxygenation of the waters, causing fish mortality.
The proposed system integrates RFID for tracking and tracing through a distributed architecture developed for heavy goods vehicles, and the sensors embedded in the SunSPOT platform for monitoring the goods transported based on the concept of the Internet of Things. Mac Wellman / Playwright Mac Wellman is best known for his experimental work in the theater which rebels against theatrical conventions. He is author to more than forty plays, including Harm’s Way, The Self-Begotten, The Bad Infinity, Terminal Hip, Dracula, Whirligig, Crowbar, 7 Blowjobs, Murder of Crows and Description Beggared or the Allegory of Whiteness (2000).
There are, on the other hand, signs of decontamination in the lagoon made through a established in 2008 to ensure that the lagoon waters will eventually be suitable for bathing. The decontamination actions involve the transfer of sludge to large craters present in the lagoon itself, and the creation of a new direct and underground connection with the sea, which will contribute to increase the daily water exchange between the two environments. However, during the Olympics the lagoon hosted the rowing competitions and there were numerous concerns about potential infection resulting from human sewage. And as seen from Temperature also varies according to elevation, distance from the coast, and type of vegetation or land use. Winter, cold fronts and dawn/morning sea breezes bring mild temperatures; cold fronts, the (in the form of winds from the ), the strongest sea-borne winds (often from an ) and summer bring showers or storms. Thus the monsoon-like climate has dry and mild winters and springs, and very wet and warm summers and autumns. As a result, temperatures over 40 °C (104 °F), that may happen about year-round but are much more common during the summer, often mean the actual temperature feeling is over 50 °C (122 °F), when there is little wind and the percentage is high.
Rio de Janeiro is second only to as the hottest Brazilian state capital outside and Brazil; temperatures below 14 °C (57 °F) occur yearly, while those lower than 11 °C (52 °F) happen less often. The phrase, fazer frio ('making cold', i.e. 'the weather is getting cold'), usually refers to temperatures going below 21 °C (70 °F), which is possible year-round and is commonplace in mid-to-late autumn, winter and early spring nights. Between 1961 and 1990, at the INMET (Brazilian National Institute of Meteorology) conventional station in the neighborhood of, the lowest temperature recorded was 10.1 °C (50.2 °F) in October 1977, and the highest temperature recorded was 39 °C (102.2 °F) in December 1963.
The highest accumulated rainfall in 24 hours was 167.4 mm (6.6 in) in January 1962. However, the absolute minimum temperature ever recorded at the INMET station, 3.8 °C (38.8 °F) in July 1974, while the absolute maximum was 43.2 °C (110 °F) 26 December 2012, in the neighborhood of the station, while the highest accumulated rainfall in 24 hours, of 186.2 mm (7.3 in) was recorded at the station in April 1967. The lowest temperature ever registered in the 21st century was 8.1 °C (46.6 °F) in Vila Militar, July 2011. With at background This is an elite area of the West Zone of the city of Rio de Janeiro. It includes, Vargem Grande, Vargem Pequena, Camorim.
Westwards from the older zones of Rio, Barra da Tijuca is a flat complex of barrier islands of formerly undeveloped coastal land, which constantly experiences new constructions and developments. It remains an area of accelerated growth, attracting some of the richer sectors of the population as well as luxury companies.
Flats and sprawling shopping centers give the area a far more feel than the crowded city centre. The urban planning of the area, completed in the late 1960s, mixes zones of single-family houses with residential skyscrapers. The beaches of Barra da Tijuca are also popular with the residents from other parts of the city.
One of the most famous hills in the city is the 842-metre-high (2,762-foot) ( Rock) bordering the South Zone. On the top of its summit is a huge rock formation (some, such as in his 1973 book, In Search of Ancient Gods, claim it to be a sculpture) resembling a sphinx-like, bearded head that is visible for many kilometres around. Demographics. 0.1% According to the, there were 5,940,224 people residing in the city of Rio de Janeiro. The census revealed the following numbers: 3,239,888 people (51.2%), 2,318,675 people (36.5%), 708,148 people (11.5%), 45,913 people (0.7%), 5,981 people (0.1%). The population of Rio de Janeiro was 53.2% and 46.8%. In 2010, the city of Rio de Janeiro was the 2nd most populous city in Brazil, after.
Different ethnic groups contributed to the formation of the population of Rio de Janeiro. Before European colonization, there were at least seven different speaking 20 languages in the region. A part of them joined the Portuguese and the other the French. Those who joined the were then exterminated by the Portuguese, while the other part was assimilated. Rio de Janeiro is home to the largest population outside of in Portugal.
After independence from Portugal, Rio de Janeiro became a destination for hundreds of thousands of immigrants from Portugal, mainly in the early 20th century. The immigrants were mostly poor peasants who subsequently found prosperity in Rio as city workers and small traders. The Portuguese cultural influence is still seen in many parts of the city (and many other parts of the state of Rio de Janeiro), including architecture. Most Brazilians with some cultural contact with Rio know how to easily differentiate between the local dialect, fluminense, and other Brazilian dialects. ( ) at night There are significant disparities between the rich and the poor in Rio de Janeiro, and different socioeconomic groups are largely segregated into different neighborhoods.
Although the city clearly ranks among the world's major metropolises, large numbers live in slums known as, where 95% of the population are poor, compared to 40% in the general population. There have been a number of government initiatives to counter this problem, from the removal of the population from favelas to such as to the more recent approach of improving conditions in the favelas and bringing them up to par with the rest of the city, as was the focus of the 'Favela Bairro' program and deployment of. Rio has more people living in slums than any other city in Brazil, according to the 2010 Census. More than 1,500,000 people live in its 763 favelas, 22% of Rio's total population., the largest city in Brazil, has more favelas (1,020) in sheer numbers, but proportionally has fewer people living in favelas than Rio. In the financial district of the city Rio de Janeiro has the second largest of any city in Brazil, surpassed only. According to the, it was approximately US$201 billion in 2008, equivalent to 5.1% of the national total.
Taking into consideration the network of influence exerted by the urban (which covers 11.3% of the population), this share in GDP rises to 14.4%, according to a study released in October 2008 by the IBGE. Greater Rio de Janeiro, as perceived by the IBGE, has a GDP of US$187 billion, constituting the second largest hub of national wealth. Per capita GDP is US$11,786.
It concentrates 68% of the state's economic strength and 7.9% of all goods and services produced in the country. The services sector comprises the largest portion of GDP (65.5%), followed by commerce (23.4%), industrial activities (11.1%) and agriculture (0.1%). Benefiting from the federal capital position it had for a long period (1763–1960), the city became a dynamic administrative, financial, commercial and cultural center. Rio de Janeiro became an attractive place for companies to locate when it was the capital of Brazil, as important sectors of society and of the government were present in the city, even when their factories were located in other cities or states. The city was chosen as headquarters for companies such as, and (which was privatized in the 1990s). The (BVRJ), which currently trades only government securities, was the first stock exchange founded in Brazil in 1845. Despite the transfer of the capital to in 1960, many of these headquarters remained within the Rio metropolitan area.
The off-shore oil exploration in the began in 1968 and became the main site for oil production of Brazil. This caused many oil and gas companies to be based in Rio de Janeiro, such as the Brazilian branches of,. For many years Rio was the second largest industrial hub of Brazil, with, shipbuilding industries, steel, petrochemicals, cement, textile, processed foods and furniture industries. Main article: Rio de Janeiro is Brazil's primary tourist attraction and resort.
It receives the most visitors per year of any city in South America with 2.82 million international tourists a year. The city world-class hotels, approximately 80 kilometres of beaches and the famous and mountains. While the city had in past had a thriving tourism sector, the industry entered a decline in the last quarter of the 20th century. Annual international airport arrivals dropped from 621,000 to 378,000 and average hotel occupancy dropped to 50% between 1985 and 1993. The fact that replaced Rio de Janeiro as the Brazilian capital in 1960 and that replaced Rio as the country's commercial, financial and main cultural center during the mid-20th century, has also been cited as a leading cause of the decline. Rio de Janeiro's government has since undertaken to modernise the city's economy, reduce its chronic social inequalities, and improve its commercial standing as part of an initiative for the regeneration of the tourism industry.
The city is an important global, 1 million LGBT tourists visiting each year. The Rua Farme de Amoedo is located in Ipanema, a famous neighborhood in the of Rio de Janeiro. The street and the nearby beach, famous tourist spots, are remarkable for their popularity in the LGBT community. Rio de Janeiro is the most awarded destination by World Travel Awards in the South American category of 'best destination'. Rio de Janeiro is a main cultural hub in Brazil. Its architecture embraces churches and buildings dating from the 16th to the 19th centuries, blending with the world-renowned designs of the 20th century.
Rio was home to the and capital of the country for many years, and was influenced by,. Rio de Janeiro has inherited a strong cultural role from the past. In the late 19th century, there were sessions held of the first Brazilian film and since then, several production cycles have spread out, eventually placing Rio at the forefront of experimental and national cinema.
The has been held annually since 1999. Rio currently brings together the main production centers of Brazilian television.
Major international films set in Rio de Janeiro include; the; the Oscar award-winning, critically acclaimed by, who is also one of Brazil's best-known directors; and the Oscar award-winning historical drama, which depicted the early days of Carnaval in Rio de Janeiro. Internationally famous, Brazilian-made movies illustrating a darker side of Rio de Janeiro include. The first notable work of realism focusing on the urban is 's (1854), which presents a series of picaresque but touching scenes, and evokes the transformation of a town into a city with suggestive nostalgia. Romantic and realist modes both flourished through the late 19th century and often overlapped within works. The most famous author of Rio de Janeiro, however, was, who is also widely regarded as the greatest writer of and considered the founder of in Brazil, with the publication of (1881).
He commented on and criticized the political and social events of the city and country such as the abolition of slavery in 1888 and the transition from to Republic with his numerous published in newspapers of the time. Many of his short stories and novels, like (1891) and (1899), are placed in Rio. The headquarters of the is based in Rio de Janeiro. It was satirized by the novelist in. Amado, himself, went on to be one of the 40 members of the Academy. Libraries.
New Year's Eve Fireworks at Copacabana Beach Every 31 December, 2.5 million people gather at to celebrate New Year's in Rio de Janeiro. The crowd, mostly dressed in white, celebrates all night at the hundreds of different shows and events along the beach. It is the second largest celebration only next to the. People celebrate the New Year by sharing chilled champagne. It is considered good luck to shake the champagne bottle and spray around at midnight.
Chilled champagne adds to the spirit of the festivities. Rock in Rio. The World Stage at the ' music festival 'Rock in Rio' is a music festival conceived by entrepreneur Roberto Medina for the first time in 1985, and since its creation, recognized as the largest music festival in the Latin world and the largest in the world, with 1.5 million people attending the first event, 700,000 attending the second and fourth, about 1.2 million attending the third, and about 350,000 people attending each of the 3 events.
It was originally organized in Rio de Janeiro, from where the name comes from, has become a world level event and, in 2004, had its first edition abroad in, before, and,. The festival is considered the eighth best in the world by the specialized site Fling Festival. Carnival. Built for On 2 October 2009, the selected Rio de Janeiro to host the. Rio made their first bid for the, but lost to Berlin. They later made bids for the and Games, but failed to become a candidate city both times.
Anymac Adapting The Sun Spot Architecture For Machine Learning
Those games were awarded to and London respectively. Rio is the first Brazilian and South American city to host the Summer Olympics. Rio de Janeiro also became the first city in the outside of Australia to host the games – in and in. In July 2007, Rio successfully organized and hosted the. Rio de Janeiro also hosted the from 15–24 July 2011. The 2011 were the largest military sports event ever held in Brazil, with approximately 4,900 athletes from 108 countries competing in 20 sports.
Anymac Adapting The Sunspot Architecture For Mac
Rio de Janeiro hosted the 2016 Olympics and Paralympics. The Olympic Games were held from 5 to 21 August 2016. The Paralympics were held from 7 to 18 September 2016.
Other sports The city has a history as host of major international sports events. The was the host arena for the official for its and editions. Later, the circuit in Rio de Janeiro was the site for the from 1978 to 1989. Rio de Janeiro also hosted the from 1995 to 2004 and the event from 1996 to 1999. Championships were contested on the beaches from 1985 to 2001. The Tennis tournament is held in the spring.
Indications for conray 30 minute. Pregnancy (Cat.B - Conray 30, 60; Cat.C - Conray 43). Maintain adequate hydration. See Also: Pharmacological Class: Radiopaque contrast medium. Nursing mothers: not recommended; avoid breastfeeding for 24hrs post-procedure.
As part of its preparations to host the, Rio built a new stadium, to hold 45,000 people. It was named after Brazilian ex- president. The stadium is owned by the city of Rio de Janeiro, but it was rented to for 20 years. Rio de Janeiro has also a multi-purpose arena, the., Germany., United States., Russia., United States., France., France., United States., Japan., Armenia In popular culture Movies. The movie and its sequel, were mainly set in Rio de Janeiro and the.
Anymac Adapting The Sunspot Architecture For Machine Learning
Television. An episode of, 'Plane it on Rio', featured Blythe and the pets going to the, but an old enemy shows up, determined to defeat them. Video games. featured the birds from the Angry Birds series and characters from Rio freeing exotic birds or defeating Nigel’s in Rio de Janeiro. Rio de Janeiro was featured in the game as a racing location.
Anymac Adapting The Sunspot Architecture For Machine
Rio de Janeiro was also featured in the game. See also.